First Aid Tips for Common Childhood Injuries
Tuesday, November 29th, 2022
The age of 2-10 comes with a lot of thuds, bams, slams, and crashes! It comes with the territory and there is very little we as parents can do about it. From the moment our little crawlers learn to walk, they embrace the possibilities of accidents, minor ones sometimes major too! While we cannot always prevent it, we can be prepared and that’s why knowing basic first aid for children is a MUST.
Firstly, remember to stay calm. If you show signs of horror or discomfort as a parent, your kid will naturally get frightened too. So, the first tip is to keep calm.
First Aid Tips for Common Baby Injuries
Apply pressure on the wounded area and try to arrest the bleeding. Once the bleeding stops, sanitise the area with cotton dipped in a mixture of lukewarm water and an antiseptic liquid. Lastly, apply an antiseptic cream and cover the wound with a loose bandage.
Care Tip – Change the bandage regularly until the wound is completely healed, and get a tetanus injection shot after consulting with your doctor.
- Scrapes and Cuts
Head injuries are the most common among kids, they might fall and hit their head while walking, trying to stand up, running, or playing in the park. The care tips after a head injury depend on the magnitude of the fall. For instance, if your child has simply tumbled down, chances are it is a minor injury and can be cured by pressing an ice bag to the area which would help reduce the swelling. In a much more serious case, like getting hit by a ball or a pole, immediately place an ice bag and call your doctor. Note – do not self-medicate or give ibuprofen, the drug might worsen the situation and increase the risk of a brain injury.
Care Tip – Look out for symptoms like vomiting, drowsiness, severe headache, difficulty in standing still, or tingling arms. Make them rest for a good hour or two as “rest is actually part of the treatment for a concussion, and most young children will need some after even a minor head injury,” pointed out by Ethan Wiener, M.D., associate chief of paediatric emergency medicine at NYU Langone Health, in New York City.
- Head Injury
Many times, children swallow small toys or food items down their throat. If you find your child trying to gulp something with a difficult expression, encourage them to cough it out. If they are unable to do so, perform Heimlich manoeuvre without wasting any time. Wrap your arms around your child from behind, make sure your fists are below their navel. Now exert pressure in short bursts until the particle is out.
Care Tip – Keep any hazardous, small object out of reach of children. If he faces difficulty in talking or breathing after the incident, immediately see a doctor. You can also teach them how to perform Heimlich manoeuvre single handedly on themselves in order to avoid such panicky situations in the future.
You should immediately run some cool water over your child’s hand for approximately five minutes. When treating a burn, people often make two mistakes. First, don’t apply ice to the affected area as it impedes blood circulation, making healing more difficult. The second thing to avoid is using grease, butter, or other substances to cover the burn, as this traps the heat and does not allow it to heal properly.
Care Tip – To relieve the burn and assist with skin regeneration, apply an antibiotic ointment such as bacitracin. If you notice a blister forming, don’t worry: it helps prevent infection by acting as a barrier. Apply a clean bandage once the blister has popped on its own. It is important to seek prompt medical attention if the skin is blotchy, wet, or waxy.
It is impossible to dodge all of your family’s major health emergencies but being prepared on how to handle critical situations will prevent them from worsening. You do not have to undergo medical training to identify the severity of the situation, all that is required is for you to stay calm, analyse the damage and figure out whom you should call for help whether it is going to be your doctor or 100 or a medical expert.