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Month-Wise Food Guide For Newborn Babies

Tuesday, September 6th, 2022

Breast milk or formula is the only food your baby needs during the first 4-6 months but it is not enough in itself once they cross half a year. To keep up with their growing nutrition needs, introduce them to solid foods but make sure to keep it simple with a few teaspoons of single-ingredient items like mashed potatoes, pureed fruits and vegetables, and dal. Gradually increase the number of ingredients and introduce them to a variety of foods. Make sure that the transition is not overwhelming for the baby and you might be surprised to see an enthusiastic one-year-old eater who loves his greens.

We have curated a list of baby foods and their portions to help you understand what food items are generally preferred by mothers. These are just recommendations which might differ from baby to baby so do not worry if your baby eats a bit more or less than suggested. Also, it is highly recommended to discuss your plan for starting solids with your baby’s pediatrician.

How do I know if my baby is ready for solid food?

The American Academy of Pediatrics advises waiting until the baby turns half a year before introducing solid food items. Babies physically get ready for solid foods by six months, they also learn how to swallow and digest food items other than milk. Many parents start feeding pea-like amounts from as early as the 4th month depending on every individual child’s development. As per 2013 reports, babies who eat solid foods by 6 months have a reduced risk of allergies and asthma.  
  • Shows interest
  • Can hold his head up
  • Your baby can sit upright
  • Your baby has doubled his birth weight

If you notice the above changes in your baby, consult with your doctor once and you are ready to bring in a variety of food items on your baby’s plate!

A few things to be mindful of

  • Use baby spoons to feed and measure their portions
  • Keep small portions, new eaters only need about 1-2 teaspoons of food
  • Watch signs of allergies, especially when feeding foods that contain common allergens
  • Be observant when feeding eggs, fish, wheat, peanut and shellfish
  • Lastly, enjoy the process, don’t overstress yourself or your baby

Food items to avoid during early eating  
  • Milk
  • Salt
  • Honey
  • Chocolates
  • Soft Drinks
  • Citrus Fruits
  • Seeds and Nuts

Your baby’s first food

Your baby’s first food needs to be soft and mushy so that it is easy to swallow such as mashed fruits and vegetables, semi-liquid items like khichdi, cerelac or lightly sweetened custards, puddings and dal. Do not stick to defined feeding times or schedules, feed them when you see signs of hunger like sucking fingers, crying, or mood swing. Start by giving your baby just two to three spoonfuls of soft food, twice a day. They might take some time to get used to the taste, be patient and give them the time to adjust. Don’t force-feed your baby, stop when they are full.

6-8 Months

Now that your baby is comfortable with eating, start adding variety while at the same time increasing the food portion. You can give your baby any food item except for honey, and give pureed vegetables and fruits as healthy snacks. Note, that an increase in solid food should not reduce the amount of breastmilk she consumes. It is normal for an 8-month-old to be eating 2 meals a day.

9–11 Months

At 9 months old, your baby can have 3-4 meals a day and a snack. You can now add chopped vegetables and fruits in their meals instead of mashing them. You might notice your baby being keen on feeding herself so let her even though it’s messy(not like we have any other choice!). Give her breastmilk or formula preferable twice a day. Along with grains and potatoes, you should give your baby vegetables, fruits, legumes, seeds, oil or fat, and – particularly – animal protein (milk, eggs, meat, fish, and poultry). The best way to ensure that your baby gets all the nutrients he or she needs is to eat a variety of foods throughout the day.

If your baby refuses a new food or spits it out, don’t force it. Try again a few days later.